Substance Abuse, Mental Illness, and TBI

Janelle Forsgren, SN Many researchers have concluded an association between traumatic brain injury (TBI) and mental illness. However, some studies suggest that substance misuse could also strongly contribute to the development of mental illness after TBI. Sami, Piggott, Coysh, and Fialho (2015) reported the case of a gentleman who sustained …

Head Trauma in Infants and Children and Developmental Disabilities

Chelsy Foulk, SN Abusive head trauma not only impacts infants and children negatively from a physical standpoint, but it also negatively effects their growth, emotional, social, and cognitive development. In the article Abusive Head Trauma in Infants and Young children: A Unique Contributor to Developmental Disabilities, several studies are outlined …

Abusive Head Trauma in Infants and the Tadpole Sign

Chelsy Foulk, SN In order to diagnose abusive head trauma in infants, one of the ways to investigate is that of computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. These images are taken in order to discover indicators such as subdural hematomas (SDHs), subdural hygromas (SDHys), retinal hemorrhages and encephalopathy. A study …

TBI and Mental Illness Among the Homeless or Vulnerably Housed

Janelle Forsgren, SN Topolovec-Vranic, et al. performed a non-blinded, randomized controlled trial of 2088 homeless or vulnerably housed participants to determine the connection between a history of psychiatric illness and a history of TBI with loss of consciousness. 53% of participants had a history of TBI with loss of consciousness. Among …

Functional Time Limit and Onset of Symptoms in Infant Abusive Head Trauma

Chelsy Foulk, SN Infant abusive head trauma is a distressing and heartbreaking topic. Nevertheless, it is an important one to know more about so that medical professionals can respond to, and aid in the best and most educated way possible at this extremely tender stage of life. When infant abusive …

Preventing Shaken Baby Syndrome: Evaluation of a Multiple-Setting Program

Chelsy Foulk, SN Most serious head injuries, specifically in infants under the age of 1, are attributed to child abuse (Harvard Medical School, 2013). This is undeniably a significant problem needing prevention. Shaken baby syndrome is a subset of abusive head trauma that holds significant consequences to the child long …

Functional Time Limit and Onset of Symptoms in Infant Abusive Head Trauma

Chelsy Foulk, SN Infant abusive head trauma is a distressing and heartbreaking topic. Nevertheless, it is an important one to know more about so that medical professionals can respond to, and aid in the best and most educated way possible at this extremely tender stage of life. When infant abusive …

Mental Health Treatment Post-TBI in Pediatrics and Minorities

Janelle Forsgren, SN Mental health problems associated with head injury is a hot topic today. TBI can damage parts of the brain that affect mood, sensory processing, memory, and emotion. A recent research article showed that mental health treatment increased post-TBI among pediatric patients, but most of the post-TBI mental …

Potential Nerve Growth Factor for Improving Cerebral Function After TBI

Janelle Forsgren, SN Nerve Growth Factor (NGF) has been used experimentally to protect and possibly restore damaged brain cells due to traumatic brain injury (TBI). Doublecortin (DCX) is a marker produced when new neurons move to injured areas of the brain. Past studies have shown intraventricular NGF to be somewhat …

Acute Trauma Factor Associations With Suicidality Across the First 5 Years After Traumatic Brain Injury

Chelsy Foulk, SN Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury are 3 to 4 times more likely to die as a result of suicide compared to the general population.  Suicidal ideation and suicide attempt were measured in this study and together they make up suicidality. Suicidal ideation was measured via the Patient …