On this page, we will post recent research on head injuries.
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Equestrian activities, such as rodeos and show jumping, are exhilarating for riders, but also pose significant risks for traumatic brain injuries (TBI) without protective headgear. In a recent study, TBI in equestrian-related activities were most often caused by striking the ground due to a fall. The study results showed that males were more likely than females to suffer TBI from equestrian activities. However, the highest rates of TBI came from the early pediatric population of ages 0 to 10. All of the participants who attained TBI were not wearing protective headgear. Click here to read more.
Many veterans suffer traumatic brain injuries (TBI) from blast injuries. The Vietnam Head Injury Study collected data from veterans with TBI to be evaluated for auditory dysfunction associated with TBI. Later, many veterans were self-reporting auditory dysfunction following only mild TBI (mTBI). mTBI is distinguished as a TBI that does not show any abnormal results on common neural imaging scans. For this reason, the authors suggest that all patients be evaluated for auditory dysfunction following TBI, no matter the time since the incident or the severity. Click here to read more.
Combat veterans from Iraq and Afghanistan have suffered a greater number of mild traumatic brain injuries, post-traumatic stress disorders, and other serious injuries than veterans from any other war. This is due to repeated exposure to explosions. It is predicted that 15% of Afghan and Iraqi veterans have suffered a mild TBI. Symptoms of mild TBIs include blurred vision, headaches, dizziness, impaired concentration and memory, irritability, light sensitivity, motor coordination deficiencies, and nausea. Click here to read more.
Public awareness of TBIs has been raised in the last several years because several soldiers in Iraq and Afghanistan suffered from TBIs. Media attention on professional athletes that suffer from TBIs has also raised awareness. TBI-related deaths have decreased in the last several years with the use of seat belts, airbags, and greater adherence to management guidelines (with healthcare). Click here to read more.
In March of 2017, researchers from multiple clinical data acquisition sites published the results of their testing of a new brain electrical activity biomarker to see how well it would help triage patients with traumatic brain injuries (TBI). Every year, over 2.5 million emergency room visits are made by people who have suffered a TBI. For these patients, it is critical to know as soon as possible how serious their TBI is so that it can be treated properly. Click here to read more.
Matthew Peters recently published an article describing the need for individualized treatment of TBIs. Peters emphasized that the older adult population is prone to longer hospitalizations and increased complications following mild TBIs compared to younger patients. He noted that the number of reported TBIs in older adults has risen by 61% in 2009-2010 from prior years. In particular, the Glasgow Coma Scale, generally used to diagnose TBIs and predict morbidity and mortality, needs to be modified or a new method of measurement created that will more accurately work for older adults and patients with mild TBIs. Click here to read more.
Traumatic brain injury is the leading cause of death of children over the age of 1. A study that encompassed 25 emergency departments in the U.S. enlisted 43,904 children to be studied. They split them into three age groups of younger than 2, 2-13, and 13-17. They also split the Glasgow Coma Scale into three levels of severity: 14-15 as mild, 9-13 as moderate, and less than or equal to 8 as severe. 98% of the children admitted fell under the mild category. Falls were the most common cause of head injury in children under 12 years. Adolescents’ injuries were caused mostly by assaults, sports activities, and motor vehicle crashes. Click here to read more.