Traumatic Brain Injury, Sleep, and Mental Health: A Longitudinal Study of Air Force Personnel Pre- and Postdeployment to Iraq

Chelsy Foulk, SN

Not surprisingly, Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) involve more than just a day ruined in a hospital bed. Through a longitudinal study composed of 186 service men, Holster, et al. discovered the relationship between TBIs, sleep, and mental health problems. Data was collected at week 1 and 4 of training, and then at 1, 3, 6, and 12 months postdeployment.

The results were that a positive TBI history had a lot to do with the variables they were searching for. TBI was associated with greater symptoms of insomnia and posttraumatic stress predeployment, as well as the stated symptoms plus depression postdeployment. These symptoms in a combat population are notable and are cause for clinical intervention both before and after deployment.

Holster, J. L., Bryan, C. J., Heron, E. A., & Seegmiller, R. A. (2017). Traumatic Brain Injury, Sleep, and Mental Health. Journal of Head Trauma Rehabilitation,32(1), 25-33. doi:10.1097/htr.0000000000000237

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